The 2030 Agenda proposes a development paradigm through a harmonious link between three dimensions: economic, social and environmental, as the only possible way to satisfy the needs of current generations without compromising those of future generations. It is implemented in 17 objectives, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which include 169 goals and their corresponding monitoring indicators. The goals must be achieved by 2030. Each country can adapt the goals of these 17 SDGs to its institutional political context and according to its needs, approaches, future visions, models and instruments to achieve development.
The UN member states committed to systematically monitoring and reviewing compliance with the 2030 Agenda at the national, regional and global levels. The Agenda is a call for cooperation between countries to achieve the aspirational goal of eliminating poverty in the world, in all its forms and dimensions. To achieve this, it is necessary to generate contribution and association modalities based on the available knowledge to achieve the mobilization of scientific, technological and monetary resources. These resources will allow the goals to be achieved through inclusive and equitable development, in which respect for human rights and the dignity of people is universal.
The 2030 Agenda and the SDGs offer a framework of reference around which to articulate regional cooperation to travel a path of sustainable development. It has been seen that the MERCOSUR countries carried out a process of implementing the 2030 Agenda with similar developments in some cases and dissimilar in others, but that each of them carried out experiences that could be very enriching to strengthen the implementation both in MERCOSUR and in other regional blocks.